How to find a job in Russia
The first step should be the formation of job search goals.
Here you need to understand - what kind of job (vacancy) are you looking for.
The desired vacancy can be assessed by several criteria.
1. The title of the position;
2. The direction of the company - the employer;
3. Official duties that you plan to perform;
4. The size of the salary;
5. The size of the organization;
6. Type of employment;
7. Schedule of work;
Each criterion should be fixed for the future (perhaps in the form of a table). The ultimate goal - a comparison of their original "Wish" with the proposals of employers.
Create a resume.
To compile a resume, you can use:
1. Resume constructors who provide job sites (hh.ru, superjob.ru, etc.);
2. Questionnaires of employment agencies (you can download the questionnaire on the websites of agencies);
3. Specialized sites - resume designers online (they are easy to find in search engines - for example on yandex);
4. Recruitment agency services;
5. Services of recruiters working privately;
6. You can also write a resume independently - by reading articles / recommendations (recommendations on how to write a resume can be found on the Internet).
A few tips for writing a resume:
1. The abstract must necessarily be structured (divided into blocks);
2. Each unit should be entitled (personal data, education, work, hobbies and hobbies, etc.);
3. Use one or two fonts (maximum of three) in the summary;
4. When printing a resume, use colored paper (eg, light green).
It's a little trick. Your resume will be separated from the general flow. This adds to you one more, though small, but a chance to stand out, stay in the memory of the employer;
5. Print out summaries on thick paper (more than 80 grams). This is not a tricky way to also let your resume stand out from the general flow, stay in the memory of the employer;
6. State your full name, surname and patronymic in the resume. It is highly undesirable to use various abbreviations (For example: "Petrov AV");
7. Always enter the full date of your birth in the resume (not age!);
8. Thoroughly check your contact information (phone number, e-mail address, etc.);
9. Use in your resume only well-known abbreviations (KAMAZ, MSU, VDV). Abbreviations known to a narrow circle of persons are desirable to be deciphered (eg, instead of the abbreviation DZiL, it is desirable to write the full name of the department: procurement and logistics department);
10. Make a resume as accurately as possible.
After composing the resume, postpone it for a while, then re-read it again (check for grammatical and stylistic errors, correct them)
If there is a possibility - let's read your resume to several people (friends, relatives, etc.);
11. Attempts to fit a resume on one sheet are a misconception. The volume of the resume can be anything!
Uniform standards, rules related to the compilation of a summary does not exist!
All the rules for writing a resume can be described in three adjectives: in detail, clearly and accurately.
Make a job search plan.
The search plan always coincides with the sources of vacancies.
Examples of sources of vacancies: newspapers, television, job sites, employment agencies, state employment center, etc.
Choose those job sources that suit you personally. Make an action plan for each source (eg, every morning I have to see all the jobs that appeared on the site hh.ru for the past day).
Start implementing a job search plan.
Remember that finding a job is also a job. Here you work for yourself and for yourself. Therefore, give the implementation of the plan as much time as possible, do not be lazy.
Preparation for the interview.
Sooner or later you will receive an offer to come for an interview.
Give the preparation for this event a maximum of effort and time.
Here are some tips for preparing for an interview:
1. Ask the employer for details of the vacancy offered to you;
2. Compare the proposed vacancy to the criteria that you recorded at the beginning of the job search (step number 1);
3. Decide if you are ready to participate in the interview;
4. Be sure to report your decision to the employer;
5. If the decision is positive, then you need to agree on the exact date, time and place of the interview;
6. Be sure to write down the name and phone number of the interview organizer (eg, in case you have difficulty finding the office of the employer);
7. Carefully review all the information provided to you about the employer company, visit the company's website;
8. Carefully review the information on the vacancy offered to you, formulate and write down all the questions that have arisen (eg, how long and for what reason the vacancy was opened, if the previous employee worked for this position for a long time, why he quit).
What is necessary, and what not to do when going for an interview:
1. It is not necessary to drink soothing, tk. From the excitement you are unlikely to get rid of, but the inhibition and drowsiness is likely to get
2. You do not need to look for friends and acquaintances who can protest your interests by working for a given company (very often it's the other way around, since the competitor who comes to an interview for an acquaintance relaxes, shows bad results at an interview)
3. There is no need to gather rumors, gossip about the company-employer. Including - the opinion of your friends, former employees of this company, feedback on the Internet, etc.
First of all, you need to get to the interview, get information from the source. If there is not enough information, or if you have doubts after the interview, then you can collect additional data for taking a weighted decision
4. Do not bring a support group (eg friends, relatives, etc.) with you for an interview. In most cases, friends, trying to cheer you up, are knocked out of the business mood
5. It is also not necessary to bring young children to an interview
6. Schedule the time so that you come for an interview 10-15 minutes before the start
7. Reserve 1-1.5 hours in case the interview is delayed
8. Pay attention to your appearance (Business style, clothes at least - clean, accurate, for women - moderate, business make-up)
9. If you have additional questions in the preparation for the interview, write them down and bring along - ask questions to the interviewers
10. Bring your resume printed on the printer. Number of copies of the resume should be equal to the number of interviewers
11. Be sure to bring a pen and notebook (notebook), or just a few A4 sheets
12. Do I need to take documents with me?
As a rule, at the interview, the applicant only needs a resume, pen and writing materials
Less frequently required are identity documents (usually for a guard post)
All the rest - at the request of the employer (individually, according to the situation)
13. Try to think through the answers to the questions that are heard in most interviews (the reason for seeking work (or dismissal), your achievements at previous jobs, the amount of salary (minimum - for the period of probation, after a year of work))
The next step is passing the interview.
Separate an interview for yourself in two stages:
1 Stage - sale. At this stage you should maximally interest the employer, "Sell your golden hands to the employer";
2. If the first stage was successful, then at the second stage it is safe to voice to the employer its "salary expectations" and additional conditions (company car, gym at the employer's expense, etc.).
Remember the rules of etiquette:
1. Turn off the cell phone (or just mute the sound)
2. Be sure to greet the interviewers, make a compliment (eg, you have a very cozy office)
3. In no case do not finish the interview yourself, even if the stated time is up and the interview is delayed
Do I have to worry about the interview?
The answer is "Yes", but the "glow" of excitement should be moderate.
Light excitement helps us to mobilize and make a favorable impression on the employer.
Some tips how to get rid of the strong (unnecessary) excitement in the interview:
1. 5-10 minutes before the interview begin, sit on a chair, relax (relax the muscles of the face, neck, back, legs)
2. Take 15-20 equal breaths and exhalations
3. Try to think about abstract things / events and not to rush into thoughts between the two extreme points (like / not like, invite to work or not, etc.)
4. If you are offered tea or coffee, be sure to agree. Hot drinks have a calming effect on a person. They also help to relax the muscles of the oral cavity, moisten the tongue, which has dried from excitement.
Remember that in most cases, excitement occurs before the interview begins. As soon as the dialogue begins, the excitement recedes.
Employers like living, initiative employees. Therefore, while being interviewed, be active, support the dialogue. Answer the interviewer's questions clearly, without going into unnecessary details.
At the same time, remember that the interview is a mutual process. Evaluation is carried out by both sides. They choose not only you, but you. So always listen to yourself - try to understand whether you are ready to work with these people, in this office, in this atmosphere.
A few recommendations on how to behave after the interview.
1. At the end of each stage of the interview:
- Be sure to find out what your next steps are;
- Either learn where and when you can get information about further actions;
- Thank the interviewers for their time (in any case - even if you were refused or if the vacancy is not interesting to you);
- Leave a most favorable impression about yourself (the principle of "selling yourself to the employer" is valid for the entire period of your communication with the employer).
2. If after an interview the employer did not get in touch, call, in a few days, yourself - ask what decision was made on your candidacy.
3. Continue to consider all job offers even if you are told that you are ready to make a job offer. The employer's decision can be changed at any time.
I. Some employers offer applicants in the process of the device to work to write two applications at once:
The first is about hiring;
The second is about dismissal (with an open date).
Do not in any way agree to such proposals! Otherwise, you risk being fired at any time, without your consent. And to prove your case in this situation will be difficult!
II. Job offer: what is it?
Literal translation from English into Russian "Working Proposal".
This is a document that has legal force in a number of countries (outside the Russian Federation).
The essence of the document - an intermediate act / agreement of intent (that you are offered to work on such-and-such conditions, offer you to go to work of such and such a number).
Also, the document contains the signatures of all specialists involved in the search for an employee for a given vacancy (eg, HR Director, head of the enterprise, head of the department where they are looking for an employee).
Most often Job-offer is sent to the applicant by e-mail, in the scanned version.
The applicant is required to obtain a document, familiarize himself with the proposed conditions, print it, sign it, scan it and send it back.
In Russia, Job-offer has no legal force.
In this regard, most employers use oral agreements (not using the Job-offer).
I. From the first minute of the job search, tune in positively.
II. Remember that during the search you will come across not only with job offers, but also with failures. In no case do not accept refusals to your account. Just move in front. Everything that happens to you in the process of finding a job - everything is done for the better!
III. It is believed that the most reliable way to compile a professional resume is to hire a specialized specialist
The most experienced recruiting specialists are recruiters (recruitment managers)
For his professional life, the recruiter studies, processes and corrects an average of 500,000 to 1 million resumes.
Agree that such an experience inspires confidence. Moreover, the main task in the job of a recruiter is to "sell" the resume to the employer. The recruiter deals with the compilation of "reselling" resumes every day. From the ability to make a resume depends on the size of his salary.
IV. In some cases, you may need to make recommendations from previous jobs
The objectives of the collection of recommendations can be several:
1. Selection of the best candidate from several finalists;
2. Acceptance of a candidate for responsible work (eg, related to material responsibility);
3. The employer is interested in the candidate, but doubts - how much the information provided by the candidate at the interview is correct;
Recommendations can be collected both in the public (call the recommendation, whose data you provided yourself), and without notifying you (eg, by the hands of the security service of the enterprise).
What information should be provided if you were asked to provide contact information for the following:
1. Name of the recommender;
2. The name of the organization in which you worked with it;
3. His office;
4. The number of his phone (better cell phone).