How to find a job in Russia
The first step should be the formation of job search goals.
Here you need to understand - what job (job) are you looking for.
The desired vacancy can be estimated according to several criteria.
1. Job title;
2. The direction of the company - the employer;
3. Official duties that you plan to perform;
4. The size of the salary;
5. The number of organizations;
6. Type of employment;
Each criterion is desirable to fix for the future (perhaps in the form of a table). The ultimate goal is to compare their initial job desires with employers ’proposals.
Make a resume.
To compile a resume, you can use:
1. Resume designers, who provide job sites (hh.ru, superjob.ru, etc.);
2. Forms of recruitment agencies (you can download the application form on the websites of the agencies);
3. Specialized sites - resume designers online (they are easy to find in search engines - for example, on yandex);
4. Services of recruitment agencies for resume writing;
5. Services of recruiters working in private;
6. You can also make a resume in-house - by reading the articles / recommendations (recommendations for resume writing can be found on the Internet).
Some tips for resume writing:
1. The summary must be structured (divided into blocks);
2. Each block should be entitled (personal data, education, work, hobbies and hobbies, etc.);
3. Use in the resume one or two fonts if possible (maximum three);
4. When printing your resume, use colored paper (eg, light green).
This is a little trick. Your resume will stand out from the general stream. This adds to you one more, albeit small, but a chance to stand out, to remain in the memory of the employer;
5. Print a resume on thick paper (more than 80 grams). This is not a tricky way to also allow your resume to stand out from the general stream, to remain in the memory of the employer;
6. Specify in the summary your full name, surname and patronymic. It is highly undesirable to use various abbreviations (For example: “Petrov AV”);
7. Always enter in the resume the full date of your birth (not age!);
8. Carefully check your contact details (phone number, email address, etc.);
9. Use in your resume only well-known abbreviations (KamAZ, Moscow State University, Airborne Forces). Abbreviations known to a narrow circle of persons should preferably be deciphered (for example, instead of the acronym DZiL, it is advisable to write the full name of the department: department of procurement and logistics);
10. Make a resume as carefully as possible.
After making a summary, set it aside for a while, then re-read it again (check for grammatical and stylistic errors, correct them)
If there is an opportunity, let some people read your resume (friends, relatives, etc.);
11. Attempts to fit a resume on one sheet are a delusion. The volume of the summary can be any!
Uniform standards, rules associated with the preparation of the summary does not exist!
All the rules for drafting a resume can be described in three adjectives: in detail, clearly and neatly.
Make a job search plan.
Search plan always coincides with sources of vacancies.
Examples of sources of vacancies: newspapers, television, job sites, employment agencies, state employment center, etc.
Select the sources of vacancies that suit you personally. Make a plan of action for each source (for example, every morning I have to look at all the vacancies that have appeared on the website hh.ru over the past 24 hours).
Start implementing a job search plan.
Remember that job search is also a job. Here you work for yourself and for yourself. Therefore, devote as much time as possible to the implementation of the plan.
Preparing for a job interview.
Sooner or later you will receive an offer to come for an interview.
Make the preparations for this event a maximum of effort and time.
Here are some tips for preparing for an interview:
1. Ask your employer for details on the job you are offered;
2. Compare the proposed job with the criteria that you wrote down at the beginning of your job search (step # 1);
3. Decide whether you are ready to take part in the interview;
4. Be sure to report your decision to the employer;
5. If the decision is positive, then you need to agree on the exact date, time and place of the interview;
6. Be sure to write down the name and phone number of the interview organizer (for example, in case you have difficulty finding the office of the company - the employer);
7. Carefully read all the information provided to you about the company - the employer, visit the company website;
8. Carefully review the information about the vacancy offered to you, formulate and write down all the questions that have arisen to you (eg, how long and for what reason the vacancy is open, how long the previous employee worked in this position, why he left).
What is necessary and what you should not do when preparing for an interview:
1. Do not drink a sedative, because you are unlikely to get rid of excitement, but inhibition and drowsiness will most likely get
2. You do not need to look for friends and acquaintances who can protect your interests by applying for a job in this company (very often it turns out the opposite, because the applicant who came to the interview for an acquaintance relaxes, shows poor results at the interview)
3. No need to collect rumors, gossip about the company - the employer. This includes the opinion of your friends, former employees of this company, feedback on the Internet, etc.
First you need to get an interview, get information from the source. If the information is not enough or you have doubts after the interview, then you can collect additional data to make an informed decision.
4. You should not take a support group (eg, friends or relatives) with you for an interview, because in most cases, friends, trying to cheer you, knock off the business attitude
5. Also, do not bring young children to an interview.
6. Schedule a time to come for an interview 10-15 minutes before the start.
7. Reserve 1-1.5 hours in case the interview drags on.
8. Pay attention to your appearance (Business style. Clothes at least - clean, neat. For women - moderate, business makeup)
9. If you have additional questions during the preparation for the interview, write them down and take them with you - ask the interviewers questions
10. Bring your resume printed on the printer. The number of copies of the resume should be equal to the number of interviewers
11. Be sure to take a pen and a notebook (notebook), or just a few A4 sheets
12. Do I need to bring documents?
As a rule, only the resume, pen and pens are required for the job interview.
Identity documents are rarely required (as a rule - for the passage of a guard post)
Everything else - at the request of the employer (individually, according to the situation)
13. Try to think up answers to questions that are heard at most interviews (Reason for finding a job (or leaving); your achievements at previous work places; Salary rate (minimum - for the period of probation, after one year of work))
The next step is the interview.
Divide the interview into two stages:
Stage 1 - sale. At this stage, you should be as interested as possible to your employer, “Sell your golden hands to an employer”;
2. If the first stage was successful, then at the second stage it is safe to voice to the employer their “salary expectations” and additional conditions (company car, gym at the employer's expense, etc.).
Remember the rules of etiquette:
1. Turn off your cell phone (or just turn off the sound)
2. Be sure to say hello to the interviewers, make a compliment (for example, you have a very comfortable office)
3. In no case do not complete the interview yourself, even if the stated time is out and the interview is delayed.
Do I need to worry at the interview?
The answer is "Yes", but the "heat" of excitement should be moderate.
Light excitement helps us to mobilize and make a favorable impression on the employer.
A few tips on how to get rid of strong (extra) excitement at the interview:
1. 5-10 minutes before the start of the interview, sit on a chair, relax (relax the muscles of the face, neck, back, legs)
2. Take 15-20 even breaths
3. Try to think about distracted things / events and not to rush about in thoughts between two extreme points (like / dislike, invite to work or not, etc.)
4. If you are offered tea or coffee, be sure to agree. Hot drinks act on a person soothingly. They also help to relax the muscles of the mouth, moisten the tongue dried out from the excitement.
Remember that in most cases, anxiety arises before the start of the interview. As soon as the dialogue begins, the excitement recedes.
Employers love lively, enterprising employees. Therefore, passing the interview, be active, maintain a dialogue. Answer the questions of the interviewer clearly, without going into unnecessary details.
At the same time, remember that the interview is a mutual process. Here the evaluation is carried out by both parties. They choose not only you, but you too. Therefore, constantly listen to yourself - try to understand whether you will be ready to work with these people, in this office, in this atmosphere.
A few recommendations on how to behave after an interview.
1. At the end of each stage of the interview:
- Be sure to find out - what are your next steps;
- Or find out where and when you can get information about further actions;
- Thank the interviewers for their time (in any case, even if they refused or if you are not interested in the vacancy);
- Leave the most favorable impression of yourself (the principle of “selling yourself to an employer” lasts throughout the entire period of your communication with the employer).
2. If after the interview the employer did not get in touch, call, after a few days, ask yourself what decision was made on your candidacy.
3. Continue to consider all job offers, even if you are told that you are ready to make a job offer. The decision of the employer may change at any time.
I. Some employers offer applicants to write two applications at once in the process of finding a job:
The first is about hiring;
The second is about dismissal (with an open date).
Do not settle for such offers! Otherwise, you risk being dismissed at any time, without your consent. And to prove your case in this situation will be difficult!
Ii. Job offer: what is it?
Literal translation from English into Russian "Job offer".
This is a document having legal force in a number of countries (outside the Russian Federation).
The essence of the document is an interim act / agreement of intent (that you are being offered a job on such and such conditions, they suggest that you enter the work of such and such date).
The document also contains the signatures of all professionals involved in the search for an employee for a given vacancy (eg, HR director, head of enterprise, head of department where the employee is looking for).
More often than not, job-offer is sent to the applicant by e-mail, in a scanned version.
The applicant is required to receive the document, read the proposed terms, print it, sign, scan and send it back.
In Russia, Job-offer is not legally binding.
In this regard, most employers use verbal agreements (without using the Job-offer).
I. From the first minutes of finding a job, tune in to positive.
Ii. Remember that during the search you will encounter not only job offers, but also refusals. Do not accept any refusals on your account. Just move in front. Everything that happens to you in the process of finding a job - everything is done for the better!
III. It is believed that the most reliable way to create a professional resume is to hire a specialist.
The most experienced resume writers are recruiters (recruitment managers)
During his professional life, a recruiter studies, processes and adjusts an average of 500,000 to 1 million resumes.
Agree that this experience inspires confidence. Moreover, the main task in the work of a recruiter is to “sell” a resume to an employer. The recruiter is engaged in the compilation of the "selling" resume every day. From the ability to make a resume depends on the size of his salary.
Iv. In some cases, you may need recommendations from previous jobs.
There may be several goals for collecting recommendations:
1. Selection of the best candidate from several finalists;
2. Acceptance of a candidate for responsible work (for example, related to financial responsibility);
3. The employer is interested in the candidate, but he doubts whether the information voiced by the candidate at the interview corresponds to reality;
Recommendations can be collected either in the open (the call to the referee, whose data you provided yourself) and without notifying you (eg, by the hands of the enterprise security service).
What information you need to provide if you are asked to inform the contacts of the referees:
1. Name of the recommender;
2. The name of the organization in which you worked with him;
3. His position;
4. Number of his phone (better than the cell).