How to write a speech
It is crucial to know about the event, where it is planned a public speech to be able to gather all the source information:
- Who will be in the hall: the social level, the average education level of those present, loyalty to the speaker and the company he represents
- Specifications: the rules of speech, who will be performing before and after the speaker, the overall theme of the event, does the questions from the audience
- What are the challenges the organizers put on the performance of the speaker: what answers he wants to hear the audience.
Having defined the General information, the writer (the person writing the speech for the speaker) should be the backbone of the speech. He, like any text material should include the Canon – an introduction, main part, conclusion. Even a three-minute salutation should be organized according to this hierarchy.
The introductory part should include a greeting, a short presentation of the organization and the person. Depending on the subject of performance is admissible "to put in the mouth" of the speaker a few words about what the organization does, what results managed to achieve, what the plans are for the current period, but also on the current event.
Ethical to begin by welcoming the audience and the organizer of the event: "Dear ladies and gentlemen! Dear Chairperson (full name)". If journalism patronymics are not used, then the performances provide business case – Ivanov Ivan Ivanovich or Ivan. In public speeches is not allowed the appeal of the names. Depending on the level of the event, you can use mister – mister Ivanov, etc.
The main part should consist of the topic of the speech. Thus, a Central part of the welcome speech are the mention of joint working with the organizers of the event, the major milestones of interaction and results. For the report the main part is the opening theme etc.
In the final part, the speaker must thank the audience for their attention, to Express hope for fruitful work at the event to address the audience with a key message.
Features of the speaker
Every speaker has its own characteristics of public speaking. It can be characterized by the prolongation of vowels in moments of confusion, stuttering with excitement, heavy breathing in pronouncing compound words, etc., the Speechwriter needs to know the weaknesses of the speaker better than he was, and take them into account when preparing the speech.
The style of public speaking is very different from preparing a press release or other documentary texts. Proposals should be as short as possible and simple. Practice shows that at the hearing, the audience is able to perceive the proposal consisting of not more than 12 words. The intonation of their pronunciation needs intuitively guessed the speakers. To understand whether built offer, the speechwriter must pronounce every written word in the preparation of the text.
The task of the speechwriter is to hide the weaknesses of the speaker and use strong. For example, if the speaker has a certain charisma and is able to communicate with the public, it is possible to prevent the performance of several appropriate and delicate jokes. They should not be a lot for short performance enough one. It is also important to remember that sharpness in a public speech can intelligently present only, experienced speakers.
The text should be submitted to the speaker as early as possible, to have time to make their adjustments and run a few rehearsals. Even the most experienced speaker should not neglect the rehearsals, which certainly should be aloud.
In the text it is important to write numeric expressions in words: instead of "3,5" to write "three point five". This will simplify the perception of the speaker.
Printed the font should be 14 point size with single interline space. This will allow the speakers (or the speechwriter) to affix the signs of intonation in the form of arrows to give the speech expressiveness and thoughtfulness.
When writing of difficult words it is important to use the emphasis. If a text editor doesn't allow you to put the tick, the stressed vowels should be bold.
Of particular significance for a text is a semantic paragraphs. They should be small, well separated in intellectual emphasis.