How to draw up a work schedule
Schedule and can be compiled manually, as well as with the help of specially designed programs. In principle, if the number of employees in the organization is small, then it is enough to apply wit and use simple mathematical calculations to fix the output of the company's employees on a piece of paper. It is easy to orient, if the work of all personnel is subject to a single schedule, for example, from Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 18:00. In this situation, you can do without graphics at all.
In companies that have a long working day exceeding 8-9 hours, it is better to use a "sliding" schedule with floating days off. The most popular options are 2/2 or 3/3. Sometimes, however, there is a week in a week, but this format is used in a few enterprises, as labor productivity on the 5-6th day falls heavily due to accumulated fatigue among workers. For the successful implementation of these schemes, it is necessary that the number of employees in the enterprise be equal to an even number if there is a need for a permanent finding of a person on their site.
In round-the-clock establishments for line employees, a timetable is used that separates all staff for shifts. As a rule, even here, without a 2/2 scheme, it does not do. Usually choose one of two options: • 2 days a day, 2 days off, 2 days a night, 2 days off, etc. • 1 - at night, 1 - day, 2 days off, etc. The first scheme is considered to be the most effective, since the employee has enough time to rest and restore strength. In the second case, the first day off after a working night is spent on sleep. In fact, the employee rests fully only the second day, and the third - is already onthe work and the cycle is repeated. However, this variant of the schedule is most convenient for students combiningthe work with studies on full-time or evening department.
If a 24-hour institution has the opportunity to split staff into 7 shifts, and the majority of people in connection with the characteristics of the activity should be present at work at night, then you can use the scheme 5/2. It looks like this: 2 nights (from 21:00 to 8:00), evening (from 18:00 to 22:00), day (from 16:00 to 22:00), morning (from 8:00 to 16: 00). Thus, each employee fulfills the legal requirements of 40 hours a week, with two shifts at night simultaneously.
Also, it is possible to schedule a day in two, and with enough personnel, you can organize through three. This option is used mainly in the field of protection. But if you plan to use it, you should not forget about the put hours of rest inside the shift, which are established by law. Therefore at least one "superfluous" person on change all the same should be present.