How to become an astronaut
A dream is not about space but about the Deputy chair or directorship. But at heart, still lives an old child's wish to fly to the stars, and breaking up with him was primarily due to the fact that everyone knows that to get into space it just will not work – it's too hard! After all, in orbit in the entire history of visited only 532 people. However, to become a 533-them, of course, very difficult, but still possible. After all astronauts – it's not even the most rare profession. For example, American presidents were considerably less than the total 44.
So what does it take to become an astronaut? To obtain this honorary title, you need to follow two categories of requirements, the first of which is associated with physical and psychological training, and the second – only career.
So first of all, for flying in space need a perfect physical form. It will have to be checked and verified in the harshest conditions, performing the most complex tasks. But this is not enough! The astronaut should start preparing at the age from 27 to 30 years. Equally important is the height and weight of future space explorers. Here the advantage will be those whose growth does not exceed 175 cm and weight is 75 kg. The logic of such parameters is quite simple: spaceships and space stations do not differ much in size, in outer space should be strictly to save space. So portly people in zero gravity, unfortunately, is to do nothing. Psychologically, future astronaut should also be perfectly healthy. No mental disorders just should not be hidden phobias and weaknesses find with the help of special tests. For example, during one of the checks of the candidate in cosmonauts leave for five days all alone in an enclosed space – in this case the subject must be awake. But that's not all. The person who wants to follow in the footsteps of Gagarin should possess a number required for each cosmonaut properties: it should be ready to take responsibility, possess strong leadership qualities, be able to quickly adapt to new conditions and to get along in any group. In addition, in the weightlessness required strong convictions, and highly desirable ability to introspect, as the offices of psychologists on space stations, of course, absent.
As for career requirements, then the candidate in cosmonauts, to serve in the air force and be a pilot of military aircraft and have at least 350 flight hours and at least 160 parachute jumps. And, of course, the reputation of the astronaut must be perfect! No priors, no complaints in the personal file. Preferably (but not necessarily) to a candidate for space flight was already married, but unnecessary in a loving relationship with the opposite sex it can be a cause for removal from the list of applicants.
However, if you are afraid that you will not be able to pass the toughest competition in the world, or some parameter is not able to get into orbit through the "front door", you always need to remember it is a legal "back door". Into space fly not only the astronauts but also space tourists! That's just to become a space tourist, you will need not only good health, but so little, as $ 25 million.