What are the types and forms of unemployment
What are the forms of unemployment?
Generally, there are only two basic forms of unemployment: this phenomenon may be widespread and partial. Accordingly, the difference between these options lies in the number of people who are not employed anywhere.
Partial unemployment is a natural phenomenon that occurs in different States, and not a cause for serious concern. In this case, a small part of the population remains without work for a variety of reasons, including due to layoffs, desires to change position, etc.
Mass unemployment is associated with serious problems in the economy of a country or several countries. It occurs in acute crisis, when a huge number of businesses closing and jobs are being cut and people are left without work and almost without the ability to get hired. It is worth noting that mass unemployment can occur within one city, not the whole state. Typically, this situation arises when you close the enterprise or number of enterprises that provided employment for many people in this village
The main types of unemployment and the differences between them
There are many types of unemployment, which are allocated according to different criteria. It is often said about forced and voluntary unemployment. In the first case, people just can not get to any office due to lack of vacancies or too high-level competition. In the second case, people are giving up many of the proposals, because they are not satisfied with the office location, salary level, recruitment duties and other aspects.
Unemployment may also be unsustainable and structural. The first case is widely used to include all situations when people leave work, choose seasonal jobs and work only at certain times of the year or you can't immediately get a job after graduation. The second case is much more serious: it involves serious economic restructuring, the emergence of new vacancies for which there are no specialists with appropriate qualifications and the obsolescence of some occupations.
Finally, it is worth considering three types – institutional, friction and hidden. In the first case, the problem lies in the special policy of the state, leading to a reduction in the number of jobs. Frictional unemployment implies that a large part of the unemployed population looking for attractive jobs and because of high requirements is not yet able to find them. Hidden unemployment occurs when people conceal their position from the society and the state.