What are the causes of unemployment?
The most popular causes of unemployment
Employers often seek to reduce their costs, and therefore, if possible, try to hire cheap labor - of course, provided that employees are able to cope with the tasks assigned. This gives rise to two popular causes of unemployment.
First, people who do not want to agree to a low salary, sometimes have to look for a suitable job for a long time. The more such unemployed, the higher the "competition" for each position and the lower the candidates' chance to get it. Often in search of a suitable place, people spend several months or even years. Secondly, if an employer has the opportunity to replace a person with a cheaper machine that will perform procedures no worse than an ordinary employee, he will certainly do it. As a result, some vacancies are completely lost, and the unemployment rate will increase. This problem is especially urgent in production: many plants switch to automatic systems and, instead of a large collective, hire the minimum number of workers, which will be enough to monitor the functioning of the machines and repair them if necessary.
Another common cause of unemployment in many countries is that a certain percentage of the population simply can not offer their services to employers. It is mainly about declassed elements, people with bad reputation, including those previously convicted, and, alas, about disabled people. The list includes people of unclaimed or, on the contrary, very popular professions. The first can not find a suitable position, and the second - to get a job in the presence of a huge number of competitors who have chosen the same prestigious specialty.
Additional causes of unemployment
Demand for goods and services is changing very quickly, and this also affects the level of unemployment. Often, representatives of professions popular 5-10 years ago, are unclaimed, while "in vogue" includes new vacancies and special posts.
The problem is also that employers can not always find employees with the necessary qualifications. This is due to the fact that people simply do not have time to undergo training and "reorganize" to meet new requirements. The result is an unpleasant situation: there are many vacancies, and unemployment is still growing.
Do not forget about seasonal unemployment. It is related to the fact that some vacancies are relevant only at certain times of the year.