What are the causes of unemployment?
The most popular causes of unemployment
Employers often seek to reduce their costs, and therefore, if possible, try to hire cheap labor - of course, provided that employees are able to cope with the tasks assigned. This gives rise to two popular causes of unemployment.
First, people who do not want to agree to low wages, forced long time to look for a suitable vacancy. The more unemployed, the higher the "competition" at every position, and the lower the chances of candidates to get it. Often in search of a suitable place people spend several months or even years. Second, if the employer has the opportunity to replace people with cheaper car that will do procedure is not worse than an ordinary employee, he probably will. As a result, of the job and completely lost, and the unemployment rate will increase. This problem is particularly acute in the production: many factories are moving to an automatic system instead of a large team, hire minimum number of employees that will be enough to monitor the function of the machines and repair them if necessary.
Another widespread in many countries, the cause of unemployment is that a certain percentage of the population simply cannot offer their services to employers. We are talking mainly of declassed elements, people with a bad reputation, including previous convictions, and also, alas, about the disabled. The list includes people and unclaimed or, conversely, very popular professions. First can't find a suitable position, and the second is to get a job if you have a huge number of competitors who have chosen the same prestigious profession.
Additional causes of unemployment
The demand for goods and services is changing very quickly, and it also affects the unemployment rate. Often members of the professions, popular 5-10 years ago are not in demand, while "in fashion" are the new jobs and specific positions.
The problem lies in the fact that employers are not always able to find employees with the right qualifications. This is due to the fact that people simply do not have time to undergo training and "re-adjust" to meet the new requirements. The result is an unpleasant situation: there are many vacancies, and unemployment is still growing.
Do not forget about seasonal unemployment. It is related to the fact that some vacancies are relevant only at certain times of the year.