Who is an ornithologist and what does he do
Where did the term come from?
Like the names of many sciences, the word "ornithology" is of Greek origin. The bird is called "ornis" in Greek, and "logos" is "word", "science", "study". Accordingly, the ornithologist is a specialist studying birds. For the first time, the name of ornithology appeared almost five hundred years ago, and was introduced into the scientific use of naturalist Ulysses Aldrovandi.
What does ornithologist do?
Now scientists know almost ten thousand species of birds. But from time to time messages come from different countries that a new kind is open. Identification of unknown bird species is one of the tasks of ornithologists. In addition, they observe already open species, systematize data on birds, study their biology, lifestyle, habitats, diet and much more. It is ornithologists who collect data for various state and international programs aimed at protecting rare species of birds.
Where to get this specialty?
To become an ornithologist, one must enter the biological faculty of the university. The Department of Ornithology is in many of them, so that a biology student has the opportunity to obtain a corresponding specialization. Ornithologist-veterinarian can also be trained in the veterinary academy.
Before choosing a specialty, it makes sense to think that the work of an ornithologist is often associated with regular business trips and expeditions. Those who receive this profession work in research institutes, environmental organizations, reserves, zakazniks and zoos.
How are birds studied?
Birdwatching is the methodical basis of ornithology. Observation in this case is applied visual and auditory. This method allows you to study the appearance, behavior and nutrition, and much more. But with its help it is impossible to find out where migratory birds fly or how the nomadic species change their habitat. To find out, ornithologists use a very effective method of ringing. It is quite widely known and has been used for more than a hundred years.
The bird is caught in the safest way so as not to cause injury to it. On the paw a ring is put on which the necessary data are indicated (for example, number, ringing date, etc.). Previously, aluminum rings were used, now ornithologists often use colored plastic. The bird is released and waiting where it will appear. Such knowledge, combined in the system, allows predicting migration.