How much does the employer and the employment center pay after the dismissal
Payments by the employer
Article 178 of the Labor Code stipulates that in the event of liquidation of an organization or reduction of a state, an employer is obliged after dismissal to pay, within 2 months, severance pay in the amount of the average monthly salary. The payment is made on the condition that the former employee was not able to find a job during this period. As a document confirming the status of the unemployed, the employer must provide a work record.
The employer is obliged to pay severance pay and in the 3rd month to the dismissed employee, but under certain conditions. The conditions are as follows: if within two weeks the dismissed worker enters the account at the employment center, and within 2 months he was not employed, it suffices to provide a workbook and a certificate from the employment service confirming the status of the unemployed at the former place of work. The severance pay for the reduced employees in the first month after the dismissal is paid without fail, even if the former employee has already found a new job.
The law also provides for cases of dismissal in which the severance pay is paid in the amount of a two-week average monthly salary:
- refusal of the employee to transfer to another position;
- disagreement of the employee with the transfer to another locality, or refusal to work with the changed conditions stipulated in the employment contract;
- complete loss of ability to work for health reasons, confirmed by a medical certificate.
Employment Center Payments
If a person shortly after his dismissal did not manage to find a new job, he should contact the employment service of the population, which should provide him with unemployment benefit during the search for a new job.
The amount of the benefit is reviewed annually by the Government of the Russian Federation. In 2014, the minimum benefit for the unemployed, paid by the state labor exchange, is 850 rubles, and the maximum - 4,900 rubles (in Ukraine - 4,782 hryvnia).
The allowance for an unemployed person who quit for a good reason is calculated on the basis of the average wage at the last place of work, but on condition that the unemployed person had a permanent salary in the last 26 weeks.
Unemployment benefit is paid for a year, after which a half-year payment break occurs. Payment is made as follows:
- the first 3 months, the amount of the benefit is 75% of the average monthly salary;
- the next 4 months the size of the payment decreases to 60% of the salary;
- The last 5 months, the benefit is paid in the amount of 45%. The amount of unemployment benefits can be increased by a coefficient that is set for individual regions, for example, for the regions of the Far North.
It is worth paying attention to the fact that the allowance cannot exceed the maximum established by law, which in 2014 is 4900 rubles.