Tip 1: How to conduct a survey
In order to properly conduct a survey, you must first have a clear idea of what information you wish to receive and whether you give this group of people. After all, if you ask fifth-grade students about whether they like the teacher or not, it can't testify to the professionalism and competence of teachers.
The second important issue is the sample. Given that a continuous survey requires huge material costs and time, it is better to poll a certain percentage of the audience. Without a well formed sample the results of your survey may be invalid. After all, you need to take into account gender, social, age, national, religious and other factors. After all, if the survey of residents of any yard, you will have 90% of pensioners, the efficiency of such sampling is very small. All groups among the respondents, the people should be represented in equal proportions.
The next important step is questionnaire development. They can be as open or closed. The type of questionnaire depends on how easily you can handle and what kind of information will eventually get. Therefore, the issues need to be based on your hypothesis and the existing problems. Most importantly, that they were not too much, as people don't always want to spend an hour of time to answer. When you definitely should specify the time and place.
In order to successfully conduct a survey, you need to choose the place and time of the survey. This will depend on what social groups will be taken for questioning. Because the day on a weekday home you will find workers or students, etc.
A separate issue is the design of the survey. The document you receive at the end of the study, should include a description of the formulation of the hypotheses of this survey, results and conclusions. In the hypothesis it is necessary to describe in detail the rationale and methodology of the research. Then we formulate the problem you wish to solve with the help of the survey, justifies the sample, characterized by the audience.
For the survey, remember that this is a real scientific study and hold it in a certain pattern, given clear rules and requirements.
In the public consciousness long ago, it is believed that the survey is almost the only practical method of sociology. This assessment is, to put it mildly, not quite correct, because among the methods of sociology there are many such who are not affiliated with the survey AMI. In addition, the survey can not be considered exclusively sociological method, it is widely used in political science, journalism, psychology, law and other social studies.
- The plan of carrying out of sociological survey questionnaire
Sociological the survey designed to provide information on people's opinions, assessments of their social phenomena, about the States of group and individual consciousness. These motives, opinions and phenomena are the attributes studied by the sociology of objects. If the examined object does not have sufficient information, if it is not available to direct observation and not amenable to experiment, the significance of sociological the survey and increases.
Russian sociology is replete with attempts to use the survey s as the primary method of obtaining experimental data, although often by a number of phenomena to study more effectively in other ways. The reason is that a budding sociologist the survey effective method seems to be convenient, simple and even universal.
Unfortunately, opportunities the survey s in sociology is limited. Obtained in the course the survey s details often reflect the subjective views of respondents. Such data need to be compared with the information of an objective nature, obtained more standardized methods and techniques. The greatest effect of sociological the survey you give in combination with observation, experiment and content analysis.
Methods of sociological the survey and very diverse. In addition to widespread questioning these include various types of interviews, postal, telephone, expert and other the survey s. Any kind the survey s have their own characteristics, based, however, on the General principles and approaches.
Before to start sociological the survey have, it is necessary to clearly define the aims and procedure of the study. Conduct the survey and, thus, precedes the deep to develop a research program, clarifying the goals, objectives, categories of analysis, hypothesis, object and subject of research. Don't forget to also outline the sample (quantitatively and qualitatively) and to choose the most effective tools.
The survey, in the most General case, involves drawing up a setthe survey ov, issued in the form the survey tion of the sheet. This set serves to achieve the objectives of the study, the proof or refutation of the hypotheses. Especially carefully it is necessary to consider and hone the wording inthe survey s, as they will record a category of analysis.
If analyzing the answers of respondents are not taken into account their social and demographic characteristics, sociological the survey loses all meaning. So the survey tion sheet must have a passport part, which records data about the Respondent person (in accordance with the objectives of the research program).
As a special act of communication between an interviewer and a Respondent, sociological the survey should be carried out with observance of certain rules. Respondents should be interested in the survey e, he must know who and for what purpose it polls. The Respondent must clearly understand the meaning and contentthe survey .
Inthe survey s must be formulated in compliance with the language norms. The wording of eachthe survey and should conform to the cultural level of the Respondent. The possibility of appreciation inthe survey Ah insulting to the Respondent the meaning should be categorically excluded. The total number inthe survey ov should be within the framework of common sense and not to bore the Respondent. These are just some things that you should consider sociologist who intends to use the survey as a method of sociological research.