Tip 1: How to conduct a survey
In order to properly conduct a survey, you must first have a clear idea of what information you wish to receive and whether you give this group of people. After all, if you ask fifth-grade students about whether they like the teacher or not, it can't testify to the professionalism and competence of teachers.
The second important issue is the sample. Given that a continuous survey requires huge material costs and time, it is better to poll a certain percentage of the audience. Without a well formed sample the results of your survey may be invalid. After all, you need to take into account gender, social, age, national, religious and other factors. After all, if the survey of residents of any yard, you will have 90% of pensioners, the efficiency of such sampling is very small. All groups among the respondents, the people should be represented in equal proportions.
The next important step is questionnaire development. They can be as open or closed. The type of questionnaire depends on how easily you can handle and what kind of information will eventually get. Therefore, the issues need to be based on your hypothesis and the existing problems. Most importantly, that they were not too much, as people don't always want to spend an hour of time to answer. When you definitely should specify the time and place.
In order to successfully conduct a survey, you need to choose the place and time of the survey. This will depend on what social groups will be taken for questioning. Because the day on a weekday home you will find workers or students, etc.
A separate issue is the design of the survey. The document you receive at the end of the study, should include a description of the formulation of the hypotheses of this survey, results and conclusions. In the hypothesis it is necessary to describe in detail the rationale and methodology of the research. Then we formulate the problem you wish to solve with the help of the survey, justifies the sample, characterized by the audience.
When conducting a survey, remember that this is the most real scientific research and it needs to be carried out according to a certain scheme, taking into account clear rules and requirements.
In the public mind, it has long been believed thatinterview is almost the only method of practical sociology. Such an assessment, to put it mildly, is not entirely correct, since among the methods of sociology there are many such that are not related tointerview am. Besides,interview can not be recognized exclusively as a sociological method, it is widely used in political science, journalism, psychology, law and other social studies.
- Plan for conducting a survey, questionnaire
Sociologicalinterview designed to provide information on people's opinions, assessments of their social phenomena, about the States of group and individual consciousness. These motives, opinions and phenomena are the attributes studied by the sociology of objects. If the examined object does not have sufficient information, if it is not available to direct observation and not amenable to experiment, the significance of sociological interview but increases.
Domestic sociology is replete with attempts to useinterview s as the main method of obtaining experimental data, although quite often a number of phenomena are more effectively studied by other methods. The reason lies in the fact that the beginning sociologistinterview This method seems convenient, simple and even universal.
Unfortunately, opportunitiesinterview in sociology are limited. Theinterview s details often reflect the subjective views of respondents. Such data need to be compared with the information of an objective nature, obtained more standardized methods and techniques. The greatest effect of sociological interview They are given in combination with observation, experimentation and content analysis.
Methods of sociologicalinterview but very diverse. In addition to the widespread questionnaire, they include various types of interviews, postal, telephone, expert and otherinterview s. Any varietyinterview They have their own characteristics, based, however, on general principles and approaches.
Before embarking on a sociologicalinterview it is necessary to clearly define the objectives and procedure of the study. Conductinginterview and, thus, precedes the deep to develop a research program, clarifying the goals, objectives, categories of analysis, hypothesis, object and subject of research. Don't forget to also outline the sample (quantitatively and qualitatively) and to choose the most effective tools.
The survey, in the most general case, involves the compilation of a set ofinterview made in the form ofinterview th leaf. Such a set serves to achieve the goal of the study, to prove or refute the hypothesis put forward. It is especially necessary to think carefully and sharpen the wording ininterview s, because they will record the categories of analysis.
If the analysis of respondents' answers does not take into account their social and demographic characteristics, sociologicalinterview loses all meaning. thereforeinterview A leaflet must necessarily have a passport section, where the data on the person being interviewed (in accordance with the objectives of the research program) are recorded.
Being a special act of communication between the interviewer and the respondent, the sociologicalinterview must be conducted in compliance with a number of rules. Respondent should be interested ininterview e, he must know who and for what purpose he interrogates. The respondent must unambiguously understand the meaning and content in theinterview a.
ATinterview s must be formulated in accordance with language norms. The formulation of each ininterview but should correspond to the cultural level of the respondent. The possibility of discretion ininterview The offensive meaning for the respondent should be categorically excluded. Total number ininterview It should fit within the framework of common sense and not bore the respondent. These are just some of the points that should be taken into account by the sociologist,interview as a method of sociological research.