Tip 1: How to Train
In both cases it is important to know how to properly instruct. There is a lot of literature about this; reinforcement and requirements in the legislation of the country.
As a rule, safety instruction is provided during training; special or vocational education. Also, the rules are published in the textbooks. Instruction is required to minimize the possibility of accidents.
To begin with, when carrying out the briefing, it is necessary to clearly formulate and convey the importance and goals of this activity. There are several main goals:
- minimizing production and other injuries;
- health protection;
- exclusion or reduction of the effects of harmful and dangerous factors during work.
Safety is of great importance. First of all, because the price of human life is always higher than the price of the produced product. Failure to comply with the rules leads to occupational injuries.
Enterprise managers should pay particular attention to this. Often, businesses only have instructions on labor protection. According to the rules, training should be provided according to programs of instruction in the workplace for certain types of work or professions.
This event should be conducted by the head himself. Or a person appointed by him to hold this event. He must conduct it, adhering to the plan - the information that the program assumes:
- general information about the equipment used and the nature of the work required;
- organization, maintenance of the workplace. Work safety;
- hazardous areas and safety devices on appliances;
- the procedure for preparing the equipment for work;
- safe movement of workers across the territory of the organization;
- reasons for unsafe situations;
- preventive measures.
Every employee is required to study these rules. This will protect him from unnecessary problems and unhappiness, and the employer will get rid of the emergence of criminal liability.
Introductorybriefing mandatory when hiring a new employee or in any situation in which it is assumed that instructively will operate in conditions that are potentially life-threatening. The goal is to tell the person about the possible risks when working in certain conditions.
Although, as you know, the introductorybriefing seen by many as an unnecessary formality, yet such things should not be neglected. If you have at this point in time the whole all arms and legs and all seemed fine, it does not mean that you do not cut off the finger of an industrial fan, if you're careless with it. Such things must understand every instructively.
Instruction is conducted not only with newcomers, but also with temporary employees, seconded students, students (students or schoolchildren who practice at the enterprise). Alsobriefing It should be preceded by laboratory and practical studies in the office of labor and on the street.
So, to conductbriefing. it is necessary to choose a premise providing the possibility of free placement of all the instructed. Usually this is a labor protection office or a specially equipped room for similar purposes.
Instruction is carried out by a specially authorized person. As such a person can act as a specialist in labor protection, and any employee appointed by the senior manager for this position.
To improve the efficiency ofbriefing and you can use various demonstration materials. Such materials include not only posters, but also a video film, or specially developed for this purpose reference programs.
The purpose of reference applications is to demonstrate all the necessary regulatory, legal and other documents that are somehow related to the topic under consideration.
After the introductionbriefing but it is necessary to make an entry in the log of the introductorybriefing but with the obligatory signatures of the instructed and instructing.