Tip 1: How to calculate unemployment
Structural unemployment caused by structural changes in the economy. Most often it is associated with the processes of modernization and innovation in various fields of economy and agriculture. These processes make unclaimed a timeless profession. They both generate the demand for workers of new specialties, which remains unsatisfied due to the lack of professional personnel.
Structural unemployment, along with friction is natural. Frictional unemployment is typical for people who have recently lost a job and are busy finding a new job. Usually it refers to those specialists, a profession which are in demand in the labour market. Frictional unemployment is characterized by a short period of searching and waiting for a new job.
The second component of the natural and structural unemployment, characterized by a long period, as workers, remaining unclaimed after the modernization of production, are forced to undergo retraining and a career change. But it is not always easy in both moral and material terms. In addition, this type unemployment refers to the outflow and movement of labor from depressed areas, which also affects the timing of the search for a new workplace.
To determinelevel structuralunemployment. you need to take statistics on the unemployed and to perform them. Of the total working population engaged in job search, you need to choose those professional structure which does not correspond to the structure of the available labour market vacancies. Thus, in particular, this type unemployment characterizes military experts of working age, remaining unclaimed in connection with the reduction of the armed forces. They have to be retrained and acquire new, "peaceful" profession. Determine the number of job seekers people whose cases belong to structural unemployment.
The level of structuralunemployment (CSS) define by the formula:CSS = (SB / PC) *100%, where SB is the number of structural unemployed, the PC – labor.The labor force includes all categories of the working age population who want to work, working or looking for work.
If the country's economy is characterized by the existence of only frictional and structural unemployment, it means full employment of the labor force, its most effective and rational use.