Tip 1: How to write an estimate for production
Sour creamproduction and estimates on the sales of products are summed for the formation of a free umbrella paper – cost estimates on which the cost is calculated gross, commodity and marketed products. The composition of the economic elements is the same for each estimate production - this allows you to ensure the reducibility of costs for each element and monitor its changes in the cost structure.
Start compiling an estimate forproduction with estimates of auxiliary workshops and divisions, whose products are consumed, the main workshops and accounted for in their costs. Economic elements of such estimates will become its own expenses auxiliary workshops, the cost of the work and services that he performed or provided to other departments or units.
Make upestimate maintenance and management costsproduction m, which will take into account overhead, General and non-manufacturing costs. Make estimates for certain types of special expenses for commissioning work for the development of production, transportation and procurement costs.
After this, you can proceed to the cost estimates forproduction the workshops, called primary, and from them by the business entity as a whole. The basis for the preparation of such estimates will cost classification for all economic elements. These include material costs, the cost of payroll and tax deductions, depreciation of fixed assets, other costs. Their composition is determined in each case in accordance with the instructive, methodological and regulatory materials and documents.
In the total amount ofproduction Consider not only the costs ofproduction commodity products, but also those that are associated with the increase in the balances of their own work in progress - semi-finished products, services not included in the marketable products, future expenses.
The services now have a wide variety, and even a cursory glance at catalogs dazzled. It looks very tempting, but... How to know in advance how much (even approximately) money we have to pay for the use of the elected services? That's just there is such a thing as budgeting.
- - a complete and exhaustive list of needs for which you need services;
- - Information on prices in various firms that are engaged in providing the services you need;
- - Information on the prices of any materials (in case of such necessity of their use) in these companies and in free sale;
- - calculator.
First, visit the company on which you can rely in your needs and compare them from your experience. Prices for services depend on many factors. It is the quality of the materials used and the skills of professionals who work in these firms. Even the atmosphere in the firm can say a lot. If there is clean and pleasing to the eye interior, if employees talk to you with a friendly smile – all of this suggests that the firm is going well and her services are popular.
Shall describe the upcoming actions step by step and ask the representative of your chosen firm to estimate the cost of works at each stage separately. If this representative will call you without delay – it should alert you, because no self-respecting specialist will tell you the value of their work, without having studied all the circumstances in which he will have to do it.
Make every effort to ensure thatestimate included all the services and works you need. Then, that you will have to blame only yourself when you are forced to pay exorbitantly for the "suddenly emerged" necessary service.
After comparing store and market - retail and wholesale - prices and the final choice, you will have a budget for the upcoming expenses.